Rundown in Baseball: Tips, Techniques, and Drills for Success

Pat Bloom

Rundown in Baseball

Ever found yourself watching a baseball game and suddenly it turns into a chaotic circus? That’s often the result of a poorly executed rundown, or as some call it, a pickle.

While baseball is a game of simple rules, a rundown can quickly become a confusing mess if not handled properly.

A rundown occurs when a baserunner is trapped between two bases with defenders closing in, ball in hand. It’s a situation that can easily lead to errors, especially at the youth level.

Understanding how to execute a rundown correctly can transform this potential disaster into a smooth, strategic play.

Let’s dive into the essentials of mastering rundowns, ensuring you’re always ready to handle this tricky scenario with confidence.

The Rundown in Baseball

“The Rundown” in baseball refers to a situation where a baserunner gets caught between two bases and is chased by defensive players attempting to tag them out.

It typically occurs when a runner is caught in a rundown between, for example, third base and home plate or between first and second base.

What Is a Rundown?

A rundown, also known as a pickle or hotbox, occurs when a baserunner gets trapped between two bases while a defender holds the ball.

This situation usually starts with an infielder catching the runner off the bag, setting up a sequence where multiple defenders work together to tag the runner out.

It’s a tactical play that requires precision and teamwork. Every player needs to move correctly to either advance or record an out.

Force the Runner

The initial defender holding the ball should run directly at the runner, forcing them into a full sprint. This creates panic and reduces the runner’s options for evasion.

Proper Positioning

Fielders must position themselves slightly to the left or right of the runner to maintain a clear line of sight and avoid collisions.

Circle Back

After making a throw, fielders should immediately circle back to their original spots. This prevents accidental collisions, which could award the runner the next base.

Quick Throws

Short throws between defenders increase the chance of tagging out the runner. Longer throws provide more time for the runner to change direction or create separation.


Consistent and clear communication between defenders ensures smooth transitions and quick decisions, decreasing the likelihood of errors.


Always have a secondary fielder ready to back up each throw. This reduces the risk of an overthrow and ensures containment.

Roles and Responsibilities

In various contexts, “roles and responsibilities” involve tasks and expectations assigned to individuals or groups within an organization or team.

Whether in business, sports, or community settings, clarifying roles and responsibilities is crucial for effective collaboration and achieving goals.

Here’s how it applies in different contexts:

The Role of the Front and Back Players

Front and back players have crucial roles in a rundown. The player nearest to the runner sets up the play by moving quickly towards the runner, forcing them to sprint towards the other base.

This player should aim to tag the runner out directly if possible. If the runner backs off, the front player must make an accurate throw to the next defender.

The back player positions themselves at the base the runner is heading towards but stays a few feet ahead to catch the throw.

They must read the runner’s movements and prepare to either receive the ball or run towards the runner if needed. These actions create pressure on the runner, increasing the likelihood of a mistake.

Positioning and Movement of Supporting Fielders

Supporting fielders play a critical role in rundowns. The fielder next in line after the back player should run slightly to the left or right of the base runner, ensuring they and their teammates have a clear view of the ball. This positioning is vital for efficient communication and quick throws.

After a throw, it’s essential for the fielder to circle back, avoiding contact with the runner. This movement prevents interference calls and ensures the fielders are in optimal positions to continue the play.

Always maintain a clear line of sight and be prepared for rapid movement to keep the runner under continuous pressure.

Executing a Successful Rundown

Executing a successful rundown in baseball requires coordination, communication, and precise timing among defensive players.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to execute a rundown effectively:

Basic Techniques and Strategies

In baseball, mastering fundamental techniques and strategies is essential for players and teams to excel on the field.

Hitting Techniques

Hitters employ a variety of techniques to make solid contact with the ball. This includes adjusting their bat grip and stance to optimize balance and power. They focus on swing mechanics to generate bat speed and control the trajectory of the ball.

Plate discipline is another critical aspect, as hitters must discern between pitches in and out of the strike zone to make informed decisions whether to swing or take a pitch.

Pitching Techniques

Pitchers use a repertoire of pitches, such as fastballs, curveballs, sliders, and changeups, each with distinct grips and movements.

Mastering these pitches allows pitchers to keep hitters guessing and effectively execute their game plan. Pitching mechanics are crucial for consistency and accuracy, involving the wind-up or stretch, delivery timing, and follow-through.

Commanding pitches within the strike zone and inducing swings outside it are essential for controlling the game’s pace and limiting the opposing team’s offensive opportunities.

Fielding Techniques

Fielders must be proficient in various aspects of fielding to contribute defensively. Positioning is key, as fielders anticipate where the ball might be hit based on the batter’s tendencies, pitcher’s strategy, and game situation.

Proper glove positioning and footwork enable fielders to field ground balls cleanly and efficiently. Outfielders need to track fly balls and line drives while maintaining good judgment of their position relative to the ball’s trajectory.

Throw accuracy and arm strength are critical for making precise throws to bases or cutoff men, preventing baserunners from advancing.

Base Running Strategies

Base runners rely on speed, agility, and smart decision-making to advance bases effectively. They must read the defense and anticipate opportunities to take extra bases on hits or stolen bases.

Base runners use proper sliding techniques, whether headfirst or feet-first, to avoid tags and reach bases safely.

Understanding the situation on the field, including the score, inning, and outs, helps base runners make informed decisions to maximize scoring opportunities for their team.

Defensive Strategies

Defensively, teams employ various strategies to optimize their chances of making outs and limiting opponents’ scoring.

This includes defensive shifts, where fielders adjust their positioning based on statistical data and scouting reports to align with the hitter’s tendencies.

Infielders work together to execute double plays swiftly, turning ground balls or line drives into two outs. Outfielders coordinate cutoffs and relays to prevent baserunners from advancing or scoring from second or third base.

Communication among fielders is crucial to ensure everyone is aware of their responsibilities and potential plays.

Offensive Strategies

Teams tailor their offensive approach based on their strengths, the opposing pitcher, and game circumstances.

Some teams emphasize small-ball tactics, such as bunting, hit-and-run plays, and stealing bases, to manufacture runs. Others focus on power hitting, aiming to hit home runs and drive in multiple runs with extra-base hits.

Hitters adjust their approach at the plate, considering the count, pitcher’s tendencies, and game situation, to maximize their chances of reaching base or advancing runners.

Game Management

Coaches and managers play a pivotal role in game management, making strategic decisions that can influence the outcome. They decide when to make pitching changes to exploit matchups or manage pitch counts.

Substitutions, such as pinch hitters or runners, are used strategically to capitalize on offensive opportunities or enhance defensive capabilities.

In-game tactics, such as intentional walks to avoid dangerous hitters or sacrifice bunts to advance runners into scoring position, are employed to gain tactical advantages and put pressure on the opposing team.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Baseball, like any sport, involves technical skills and strategic thinking.

Here are common mistakes players should avoid and tips on how to rectify them:


Over-swinging often results in poor contact or swinging at pitches outside the strike zone. To avoid this, focus on maintaining proper mechanics and bat control. Emphasize contact and timing over sheer power during practice sessions.

Lack of Plate Discipline

Swinging at pitches outside the strike zone or not waiting for a good pitch to hit can lead to unnecessary outs. Develop patience and discipline by studying the strike zone and recognizing pitches early. Take pitches to gain an advantage in the count.

Poor Pitch Selection

Falling victim to pitches that are difficult to hit or not in your hitting zone is a common mistake. Study opposing pitchers and their tendencies. Look for pitches in locations where you’ve had success hitting in the past.

Defensive Positioning Errors

Incorrect defensive positioning based on the batter’s tendencies or game situation can lead to missed opportunities.

Study scouting reports and follow coaching instructions closely. Always adjust positioning according to the game situation and hitter’s tendencies.

Improper Throwing Mechanics

Throwing with poor mechanics can result in inaccurate throws or even arm injuries. Focus on proper throwing techniques, including footwork, arm angle, and follow-through. Regularly practice throwing drills to improve accuracy and arm strength.

Overlooking Base Running Fundamentals

Missing opportunities to advance bases or getting caught in rundowns due to poor decisions can be detrimental.

Learn and apply base running techniques effectively. Anticipate plays and make quick, decisive movements on the base paths.

Lack of Communication

Failure to communicate effectively with teammates can lead to defensive errors or missed opportunities. Develop clear communication signals and verbal cues with teammates. Always communicate your intentions and stay aware of your teammates’ positions on the field.

Mental Errors Under Pressure

Making mental mistakes, such as forgetting the number of outs or losing focus during critical moments, can impact performance. Practice mindfulness techniques to enhance mental toughness and concentration during games.

Ignoring Fundamentals During Practice

Neglecting fundamental skills in favor of advanced techniques or game scenarios can hinder overall performance.

Dedicate time to practice fundamental skills regularly. Work on hitting, fielding, throwing, and base running to build a strong foundation for game situations.

Not Learning from Mistakes

Repeating the same mistakes without making adjustments or learning from past experiences can stall progress. Reflect on performances and identify areas for improvement.

Seek feedback from coaches and teammates to address weaknesses and develop a plan for improvement.

Advanced Rundown Scenarios

In baseball, executing rundowns effectively becomes increasingly crucial in advanced game situations.

Here are scenarios that require heightened execution and strategic thinking:

Handling Rundowns Between Bases

Executing rundowns between bases requires precision and focus. The defender with the ball should pursue the runner aggressively without hesitation, forcing them to commit to one direction.

Running slightly to the left or right of the base runner ensures your teammate has a clear view of the ball. This positioning is crucial for coordination and prevents collisions.

Upon receiving the throw, defenders should immediately prepare to either tag the runner or throw to the next base. The defender’s hips and feet should be ready to pivot quickly.

If the runner changes direction, the new pursuer must be in position to continue the chase seamlessly. Maintaining visual contact with the runner helps in anticipating their move, enabling you to react swiftly.

High-Pressure Situations and Quick Decisions

Baseball often presents high-pressure situations where quick decisions can make a significant impact on the game’s outcome.

Here are key scenarios and how players can navigate them effectively:

Bases Loaded, Tie Game, Late Innings

In this tense situation, pitchers and catchers must strategize carefully. Pitch selection becomes crucial to induce a double play or minimize scoring chances.

Infielders position themselves to cover potential ground balls and execute a quick out at home or any base.

Bottom of the 9th Inning, Down by One Run

The home team’s final chance to score often requires aggressive base running and precise hitting. Hitters focus on getting on base, while base runners may take calculated risks to advance, potentially tying or winning the game. Defensive teams tighten their play, aiming to close out the game with minimal damage.

Runner on Third Base, One Out, Infield In

With the infield playing closer to prevent the runner from scoring, pitchers aim for strikeouts or ground balls that can be turned into quick outs at home or any base. Fielders must react swiftly to any hit ball, ensuring they prevent the run from scoring.

Double Play Situation with Speedy Runner at Bat

Defensive teams anticipate a swift double play opportunity. The pitcher and catcher work together to execute a pitch sequence that induces a ground ball or pop-up. Infielders position themselves for a rapid relay to retire both runners quickly.

Pinch Hitting Decision in Late Innings

Managers must decide on a pinch hitter based on their ability to hit against specific pitchers and situational advantages.

The chosen hitter prepares mentally for the pressure of the moment, aiming to capitalize on scoring opportunities.

Base Running with Two Outs, Down by Three Runs

With limited opportunities to extend the game, runners may attempt to stretch hits into extra bases or steal to get into scoring position.

Managers weigh the risk of an additional out versus the potential to extend the inning and create scoring opportunities.

Outfielder Decision to Throw Home or Cut-off on Extra Base Hit

Outfielders must assess the situation quickly, considering the runner’s speed and the team’s defensive alignment.

The decision to throw directly home or relay to a cutoff player aims to prevent or limit the opposing team’s scoring chances.

Training and Drills

Training and drills are essential components of baseball preparation, helping players hone their skills and improve performance across various aspects of the game.

Essential Drills for Practicing Rundowns

Implementing essential drills enhances rundown execution, honing skills through repetition and precision.

Focus on these drills to build competence:

Two-Player Throw and Tag Drill

Position one player as the runner and two players as fielders. Simulate a rundown by having the runner move between the bases while the fielders practice quick throws and tags. This drill sharpens throwing accuracy and tagging efficiency.

Triangle Drill

Form a triangle with three bases and place fielders at each point. Rotate the runner between bases while fielders practice continuous throws and tags. Emphasize quick transitions and maintaining visual contact with the ball.

Mirror Drill

Position two fielders facing each other, with one as the lead and the other mirroring movements. Practice running toward a hypothetical runner and exchanging the ball. Focus on running angles and proper communication.

Live Rundown Drill

Simulate live game scenarios by including multiple players and a base runner. Practice full rundowns with realistic game pressure. Ensure fielders follow movements and avoid contact with the runner by circling back after throws.

Tips for Coaches and Players

For effective rundown practice, coaches and players need focused strategies.

Consider these tips:

Clear Communication

Emphasize verbal and non-verbal communication among players. Use short, direct commands like “now” or “go” to signal throws and movements. Effective communication prevents hesitations and collisions.


Maintain optimal field positioning. Stay slightly left or right of the runner, allowing clear visibility for teammates and avoiding contact. Ensure defenders are ready to move in the direction of potential throws.

Role Clarity

Define roles and responsibilities before drills begin. Players should know who initiates the rundown, who supports, and who gets in position to receive throws. Clarify these roles to avoid confusion during live plays.

Avoid Pump Fakes

Discourage unnecessary pump fakes. Quick, decisive throws keep the runner off balance and increase the chances of a successful tag. Practice smooth transitions and prompt throws.


Prepare players to adapt based on the runner’s behavior. If the runner speeds up, defenders should close gaps quickly. If the runner slows, defenders should adjust spacing to shorten the rundown.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a baseball rundown?

A baseball rundown, also known as “pickle,” is a situation where a baserunner is trapped between two bases and fielders attempt to tag them out through coordinated throws and positioning.

How important is communication in a baseball rundown?

Communication is crucial in a baseball rundown. Effective communication ensures all defenders are aware of their roles and can make quick, coordinated moves to tag the runner out or force them back to the original base.

What are essential drills for practicing rundowns?

Key drills for practicing rundowns include the Two-Player Throw and Tag Drill, Triangle Drill, Mirror Drill, and Live Rundown Drill. These drills help improve positioning, throws, and role clarity.

Why is positioning important in a rundown?

Proper positioning helps fielders quickly close the distance on the runner, avoid collisions, and ensure efficient throws. Adjusting based on the runner’s speed is also crucial for a successful rundown.

What should defenders focus on during a rundown?

Defenders should focus on quick throws, efficient communication, and clear positioning. The defender with the ball should aggressively pursue the runner while others cover their positions to prevent the runner from escaping.


Mastering rundowns in baseball demands precision, teamwork, and strategic execution. By focusing on positioning, quick throws, and effective communication, you can significantly improve your team’s performance in these high-pressure situations.

Implementing essential drills like the Two-Player Throw and Tag Drill, Triangle Drill, Mirror Drill, and Live Rundown Drill will help you practice and refine these skills. For coaches and players, clear communication, optimal positioning, and adaptability are key.

Consistent practice of these techniques and drills will enhance your rundown execution, boost coordination, and strengthen your overall defensive game.

Moreover, reviewing game footage to analyze successful and flawed rundowns will provide valuable insights. Remember, the most efficient rundowns are a result of seamless teamwork and split-second decisions.

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Pat Bloom

I lead Washington University in St. Louis' baseball team, emphasizing skill development, strategic play, and sportsmanship. Our rigorous training and competitive spirit cultivate discipline and teamwork, preparing athletes for success both in baseball and academics. We embody the determination and sportsmanship that define our university's athletics. LinkedIn

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