Torque in Golf Shafts: Key to Better Performance and Accuracy

Colin McCarthy

Torque In Golf Shaft

When it comes to improving your golf game, many players overlook a crucial factor: torque in the golf shaft. While most golfers focus on club head speed and ball speed, understanding torque can significantly impact your performance.

Torque refers to the shaft’s resistance to twisting during your swing, and it plays a vital role in how the club feels in your hands.

A lower torque shaft twists less, offering more stability, especially beneficial for fast swingers like professional golfers. On the other hand, higher torque shafts twist more, which can affect the club’s feel but not the ball flight.

Knowing the right torque for your swing can help you optimize distance, minimize shot dispersion, and enhance overall performance. Keep reading to learn how to choose the perfect shaft torque tailored to your game.

Torque in Golf Shafts

Understanding torque in golf shafts is crucial for optimizing performance in your golf game. Torque refers to the shaft’s resistance to twisting during the golf swing. It’s measured in degrees and indicates how much the shaft will twist under a given amount of force.

Here’s a breakdown of how torque affects your game:

What Is Torque?

Torque, in the context of golf shafts, is the measure of the shaft’s resistance to twisting. Measured in degrees, torque indicates how much the shaft will twist when a force is applied.

A golf shaft with lower torque (e.g., 2-3 degrees) twists less than a shaft with higher torque (e.g., 5-7 degrees). Most golfers don’t realize that torque is a separate characteristic from shaft flex, which is the shaft’s bending capacity.

The two, however, are interrelated; flexible shafts often have higher torque, while stiffer shafts typically feature lower torque. This is because both bending and twisting occur simultaneously during a swing.

Why Torque Matters in Golf

Torque significantly impacts the “feel” of a golf club. A shaft’s torque level can make a club feel either more stable or more flexible.

For example, even a stiff shaft can feel whippy if it has high torque (5-6 degrees). This can confuse many golfers who associate stiffness solely with the shaft’s flex.

Professional golfers with high swing speeds prefer low torque shafts for increased stability, minimizing spin, and enhancing distance.

Players like Rory McIlroy, Tiger Woods, and Bryson DeChambeau benefit from these characteristics. Despite insignificantly affecting ball flight, torque plays a crucial role in a golfer’s feel and control.

Matching the right torque with your swing speed and style enhances performance, minimizes shot dispersion, and optimizes distance.

How Torque Affects Your Golf Game

Torque plays a significant role in your golf game, influencing various aspects of your swing and shot performance.

Here’s how torque affects your game:

Torque and Ball Flight

Torque influences the golf shaft’s behavior during a swing. A lower torque value, such as 3.5°, resists twisting more than a higher torque value, like 4.5°, ensuring the shaft remains more stable.

This stability can enable golfers with higher swing speeds to achieve greater consistency in their ball flight, resulting in straighter shots and reduced lateral dispersion.

Conversely, a higher torque value allows more shaft twisting, which can lead to higher launch angles and additional spin. This might benefit golfers who prefer a smoother feel or need more height in their shots.

Torque and Accuracy

Torque directly impacts the accuracy of golf shots. Lower torque shafts twist less during the downswing, providing more control over the clubface at impact.

This control helps in minimizing shot dispersion, making it essential for golfers with fast swing speeds seeking precise shot placement.

Higher torque shafts, while offering a smoother feel, tend to twist more, potentially leading to inconsistent clubface angles upon impact.

This inconsistency can result in erratic shots and reduced control, particularly for golfers with less consistent swings. For optimal performance, players should match shaft torque with their swing characteristics.

Shaft ModelFlexWeight (gm)Torque (°)Ball FlightSuitable For
TT0178Regular644.2Mid-TrajectoryGolfers seeking smooth feel and height
Tour AD DIX Flex853.0Low-TrajectoryFast swingers looking for control

Comparing Torque in Different Shaft Materials

Comparing torque in different shaft materials can provide valuable insights into their performance characteristics and suitability for your golf game.

Here’s a comparison of torque in various shaft materials:

Steel Shafts vs. Graphite Shafts

Steel shafts generally exhibit lower torque compared to graphite shafts, making them ideal for fast swingers who need less twisting during a swing.

The increased stiffness and weight of steel shafts provide a stable, low-torque option, preventing club head from deviating off-course.

For instance, steel shafts with torque values as low as 2.5° suit professionals and golfers with high swing speeds.

Graphite shafts, on the other hand, offer higher torque values, often around 4° to 6°. They are light and flexible, making them suitable for players with slower swing speeds.

Higher torque allows more twisting during the swing, which can aid in achieving higher trajectories and longer distances for amateur golfers.

For example, seniors and junior players typically benefit more from the increased flexibility and forgiving nature of graphite shafts.

Factors Influencing Torque in Golf Shafts

Several factors influence the torque in golf shafts, determining how much they resist twisting during the swing. Understanding these factors is crucial for selecting the right shaft for your game.

Here are the key factors influencing torque in golf shafts:

Shaft Material and Construction

Different materials impact the torque characteristics of golf shafts. Graphite shafts generally exhibit higher torque (4° to 6°) compared to steel shafts, which range between 2° to 4°.

Layers of carbon fiber in graphite shafts create flexibility, causing more rotation during swings. Steel shafts, made from uniform material, maintain consistent behavior along their length, reducing torque variations.

Exotic materials like Kevlar, Carbon, Boron, and Zylon stiffen the shaft profile, minimizing unwanted twisting and enhancing impact consistency. Utilizing these materials improves shot dispersion and distance control.

Shaft Weight and Length

Weight and length significantly influence a golf shaft’s torque properties. Heavier shafts tend to have lower torque values, providing more stability, while lighter shafts exhibit higher torque, allowing for more flexibility.

For example, a shaft with a high percentage of fiberglass, indicated by increased weight, usually shows higher torque. Longer shafts tend to have higher torque, affecting the golfer’s ability to control the clubface.

Proper weight and length selection is crucial, particularly for stronger players needing lower torque for accuracy and slower swingers benefiting from higher torque for consistency.

Choosing the Right Torqued Shaft

Choosing the right torque shaft is essential for optimizing your golf performance.

Here’s how you can go about selecting the best one for your game:

How to Get Fitted for the Correct Torque

Selecting the correct torque for a golf shaft begins with a professional fitting. Club fitters use launch monitors to measure metrics such as ball speed, clubhead speed, and shot dispersion.

They will provide various shafts with different torque levels to observe how each one affects performance. Sophisticated fitting tools help in understanding how a particular torque value interacts with individual swing characteristics.

Fitters consider the player’s swing speed when determining the correct torque. Fast swingers (over 100 mph) typically need lower torque shafts to minimize twisting.

Conversely, slower swingers benefit from higher torque shafts, which offer more flexibility and ease in generating launch.

Players should be open to trying multiple options, as personalized advice from a professional fitter leads to optimal performance.

Impact of Torque on Club Performance

Torque influences how the club shaft twists during the swing, affecting clubface alignment at impact. Lower torque shafts, usually around 2.5°, stabilize the clubface, making them ideal for players with faster swing speeds.

These shafts produce straighter shots and reduce rightward dispersion for right-handed golfers. Lower torque also enhances consistency, crucial for lower handicap players.

High torque shafts, typically ranging from 4° to 6°, allow more twisting, suited for slower swings. This flexibility helps achieve higher launch angles and longer distances.

Graphite shafts, known for higher torque, are favored by seniors and juniors aiming for added forgiveness and more distance.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the torque in a golf shaft?

Torque is the measure of how much a golf shaft resists twisting during a swing. It is measured in degrees, indicating how much the shaft twists under a specific force.

How does torque affect a golf shaft’s performance?

Torque affects shot dispersion and distance. Lower torque shafts offer more stability and straighter shots, while higher torque shafts provide higher launch angles and longer distances, depending on the player’s swing speed.

What type of shaft is suitable for fast swingers?

Fast swingers benefit from lower torque shafts. These shafts provide greater stability and help maintain straighter shots, making them ideal for players with higher swing speeds.

What type of shaft is suitable for slow swingers?

Slow swingers benefit from higher torque shafts. These shafts assist in achieving higher launch angles and longer distances, which can improve overall performance for players with slower swing speeds.

How important is professional fitting when choosing a golf shaft?

Professional fitting is crucial when choosing a golf shaft. A fitting helps tailor the shaft’s torque to an individual’s swing speed and characteristics, optimizing performance and improving shot accuracy and consistency.


Torque in golf shafts is a critical factor that influences a player’s shot accuracy and overall performance. Choosing the right shaft involves understanding individual swing characteristics and getting professional fitting advice.

Lower torque shafts offer stability for fast swingers while higher torque shafts can help slower swingers achieve better launch angles and distances.

By paying attention to torque and working with a professional fitter, golfers can optimize their equipment for improved consistency and success on the course.

It’s essential to consider other factors such as shaft material, flex, and weight. Combining these elements with the appropriate torque can significantly enhance a golfer’s comfort and efficiency.

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Colin McCarthy

Golf is about mastering your misses and learning from them. I seek answers on the how and why of the golf swing, gaining experience even when answers elude me. With over 11,000 hours of teaching and a hunger for learning, I welcome any questions. My goal is to introduce golf to as many as possible, simplifying the game for all to enjoy. Passionate, eager, and ambitious, I'm here to teach, listen, and learn. LinkedIn

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